Lo Zoosafari e le rovine di Gnathia.
Fasano is an agricultural town in
the centre of the narrow plain between the Adriatic and the
hills which rise up to the Murgia of the trulli.
area was inhabited since megalithic times, and a dolmen still
stands near the village of Montalbano a few miles from Fasano.
Fasano is the ancient city of Egnazia. Dating back to pre-Roman
times, there are many remains of the Messapian civilisation
- at its peak in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. The extensive
excavations here also offer views of the later Roman port
and acropolis, the roman town with its forum and an early
Christian basilica. An excellent museum houses many local
finds, as well as a superb sample of roman mosaics from Taranto.
the decline of the Roman empire christianity continued to
flourish, and in the area are examples of rock churches and
site of modern Fasano was developed around the late 11th century,
after the decline of Egnazia, and by the 16th century was
a thriving community. Its Palazzo Communale dates from 1509,
built by the Knights of St John, otherwise known as the Knights
main event in its subsequent history was a defeat by the knights
of an attack by Turkish pirates in 1678. The townspeople attributed
this rare success to divine intervention, and the church of
Our Lady of Graces contains a picture of the event, which
is still celebrated annually in a pageant and festival.
is surrounded by rich but thirsty agricultural land which
in addition to olive groves and cherry orchards manages to
produce a large proportion of the area's vegetables.